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Amasu Okuhlola Umkhiqizo Wokucubungula Izithelo Nemifino

Sike sabhala ngaphambilini mayelana Nezinselelo Zokungcoliswa Kwezithelo Nemifino, kodwa lesi sihloko sizodingida ukuthi ubuchwepheshe bokukala ukudla kanye nokuhlola bungalungiswa kanjani ukuze buhlangabezane kangcono nezidingo zabaphrosesa bezithelo nemifino.

Abakhiqizi bokudla kumele bahlanganise izinqubo zokuphepha kokudla ngezizathu ezahlukahlukene:

Ukuhlolela ukuphepha - ukuthola ukungcola kwensimbi, itshe, ingilazi kanye nepulasitiki.
Imikhiqizo yemvelo iletha izinselele ekuphathweni komfula.Izimpahla ezifuywayo zingaba nezingozi ezingokwemvelo zokungcola, isibonelo amatshe noma amatshe amancane angacoshwa ngesikhathi sokuvuna futhi lokhu kungaletha ubungozi bokulimala emishinini yokucubungula futhi, ngaphandle kokuthi kutholwe futhi kususiwe, kube yingozi yokuphepha kubathengi.
Njengoba ukudla kungena endaweni yokucubungula nokupakisha, maningi amathuba okuthi kube nokungcola okuvela kwamanye amazwe.Imboni yokukhiqiza ukudla iqhutshwa ngemishini yokusika nokucubungula engaxega, ibhidlike futhi iguge.Ngenxa yalokho, ngezinye izikhathi izingcezu ezincane zalowo mshini zingagcina ziwumkhiqizo noma iphasela.Ukungcola kwensimbi nepulasitiki kungethulwa ngephutha ngendlela yamantongomane, amabhawodi namawasha, noma izingcezu eziqhekeke ezikrinini zemeshi nezihlungi.Okunye ukungcola izingcezwana zengilazi ezivela ezitsheni eziphukile noma ezilimele ngisho nokhuni olusuka kuma-pallet asetshenziselwa ukuthutha impahla embonini.

Ukuhlola ikhwalithi - ukuqinisekisa izisindo zomkhiqizo zokuthotshelwa komthetho, ukwaneliseka kwabathengi kanye nokulawulwa kwezindleko.
Ukuthobela imithetho kusho futhi ukuhlangabezana namazinga omhlaba, okuhlanganisa i-FDA FSMA (Food Safety Modernisation Act), GFSI (Global Food Safety Initiative), ISO (International Standards Organization), BRC (British Retail Consortium), kanye namazinga amaningi aqondene nomkhakha wenyama, ibhikawozi, ubisi, ukudla kwasolwandle neminye imikhiqizo.Ngokomthetho we-US Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) Preventive Controls (PC) umthetho, abakhiqizi kumele bahlonze izingozi, bachaze izilawuli zokuvimbela ukuze kuqedwe/kwehliswe izingozi, banqume imingcele yenqubo yalezi zilawuli, bese besebenzisa futhi baqhubeke nokuqapha inqubo ukuze baqinisekise. uhlelo lusebenza kahle.Izingozi zingaba zemvelo, zamakhemikhali nezomzimba.Izilawuli ezivimbelayo zezingozi ezingokomzimba ngokuvamile zihlanganisa izitholi zensimbi namasistimu okuhlola ama-X-ray.

Ukuqinisekisa ubuqotho bomkhiqizo - ukuqinisekisa izinga lokugcwalisa, inani lomkhiqizo kanye nokukhululeka ekulimaleni.
Ukuletha imikhiqizo engaguquki yekhwalithi kubalulekile ukuze uvikele umkhiqizo wakho kanye nesiphetho sakho.Lokho kusho ukwazi ukuthi isisindo somkhiqizo opakishiwe othunyelwa ngaphandle komnyango sifana nesisindo esikulebula.Akekho ofuna ukuvula iphakethe eligcwaliswe uhhafu noma elingenalutho.

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Ukuphatha Ukudla Okuningi

Izithelo nemifino kunenselele eyengeziwe.Amasu okuhlola umkhiqizo asetshenziswa kakhulu ukuhlola imikhiqizo epakishiwe, kodwa imikhiqizo eminingi efuywayo idinga ukuhlolwa ingapakishwanga, futhi ingase ilethwe ngobuningi obukhulu (cabanga ngama-apula, amajikijolo, namazambane).

Sekungamakhulu eminyaka abakhiqizi bokudla besebenzisa izindlela ezilula zokuhlunga ukungcola okubonakalayo emikhiqizweni yezolimo eyinqwaba.Isikrini, isibonelo, sivumela izinto ezinkulu ukuthi zihlale ohlangothini olulodwa kuyilapho ezincane ziwela kolunye uhlangothi.Ozibuthe abahlukanisayo namandla adonsela phansi kuye kwasetshenziswa kabi ukuze kukhishwe izinsimbi ezisansimbi nezinto eziwugqinsi, ngokulandelana.Abasebenzi abaqeqeshwe yimishini yokuhlonza bangakwazi ukuhlola ngokubuka noma yini kodwa bangabiza futhi bangabi nembe kakhulu kunemishini njengoba abantu bengakhathala.

Ukuhlolwa okuzenzakalelayo kokudla okuyinqwaba kuyafezeka kodwa kufanele kucatshangelwe ngokukhethekile ukuthi imikhiqizo iphathwa kanjani.Phakathi nenqubo ye-in-feed, ukudla okuyinqwaba kufanele kubekwe ebhandeni ngokuqhubekayo nangempumelelo, khona-ke isistimu yemitha kufanele isize ukuqinisekisa ukuthi ukuphakama komkhiqizo kuyahambisana ngaphambi kokuhlolwa futhi izinto ezisetshenziswayo ziyakwazi ukugeleza kalula ohlelweni lokuhlola.Ukwengeza, isistimu yokulinganisa kufanele isize ukuqinisekisa ukuthi umkhiqizo awupakishwanga phezulu kakhulu ebhandeni ngoba lokho kungase kuvumele izinto ezifihliwe ukuthi ziphume kubange lezitholi.Iziqondiso zamabhande zingakwazi ukugcina imikhiqizo ihamba kahle, ingenawo ama-jam kanye nezinto zokudla eziboshiwe.Ibhande kufanele libe neziqondiso ezifanele ukuze umkhiqizo uhlale endaweni yokuhlola futhi ungabambeki ngaphansi kwebhande, kuma-roller noma phezu komtshina (okugwema ukuhlanzwa njalo.) Isofthiwe yokuhlola kanye ne-hardware kufanele ikwazi ukubona futhi yenqabe. izinto ezingafuneki - kodwa unganqabi ngaphezu kwezinto ezidingekayo.

Ukuphatha ukudla ngobuningi okunjalo kunobuhle nobubi - kuvumela ukuhlolwa okusheshayo nangempumelelo kanye nokukhishwa kwezinto zangaphandle, kodwa kwenqaba ingxenye enkulu yomkhiqizo futhi kudinga indawo yaphansi eningi kunezinhlelo zokuhlola ezihlukene.

Ukufaka isistimu yokuphatha efanele kuhlelo lokusebenza kuyisihluthulelo sempumelelo futhi umthengisi wesistimu onolwazi uzokwazi ukuqondisa iphrosesa ngokukhetha.

Ukuphepha Ngemva Kokuthunyelwa

Abanye abakhiqizi bokudla bangase bathathe izinyathelo zokuphepha kwelinye igxathu ngokufaka izinto ezintsha noma ngokungeza izigxivizo ezivikela ukonakala emikhiqizweni epakishiwe.Imishini yokuhlola kufanele ikwazi ukubona ukungcola ngemva kokupakishwa kokudla.

Izinto ezenziwe ngensimbi ezakheka ngokuzenzakalela zibe izikhwama ezinezivalo zokushisa kuzo zombili iziphetho manje sekuyimpakheji evamile yokudla okulula.Iphakheji elilodwa lokunye ukudla lalivame ukugoqwa ngepulasitiki kodwa manje seligoqwe ngamafilimu anezendlalelo eziningi ze-polymer ukuze kugcinwe iphunga elimnandi, kugcinwe okunambithekayo, nokwelula impilo yeshalofu.Amakhathoni agoqayo, amathini ayinhlanganisela, izinto eziguquguqukayo zokufakelwa izinto zokuthambisa kanye nezinye izindlela zokupakisha nazo ziyasetshenziswa noma zenzelwe iminikelo emisha.

Futhi uma izithelo, njengamajikijolo ahlukahlukene zengezwa kweminye imikhiqizo (ojamu, ukudla okuphekiwe, noma izimpahla zokubhaka), kunezindawo ezengeziwe esitshalweni lapho kungase kuqaliswe khona ukungcola okungase kube khona.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Apr-09-2022